Research comes from hunches or guesses based on personal events. Then everything we know about that guess is studied – all the additional background, what other people have found in similar situations. By looking at the way the studies were conducted, researchers can work out whether the results would happen for anyone or just a small group of people. And sometimes they copy the study exactly to work out whether there were any important differences that were not accounted for, like income, education, gender, age or even geography.
A few recent studies show what happens when music is used in different situations.
Music and Alzheimers:
de la Rubia Orti, J. E., Pardo, M. P. G., Benllochi, M., Drehmer, E., Platero, J. L., Sancho, D., & Rodriguez, M. M. L. (2019). Music Therapy Decreases Sadness and Increases Happiness in Alzheimer Patients: A Pilot Study. Neurosychiatry, 9(1), 2013-2020.
Music and Chronic Pain:
Moss, H. (2019). The Use of Music in the Chronic Pain Experience: An Investigation into the Use of Music and Music therapy by Patients and Staff at a Hospital Outpatient Pain Clinic. Music and Medicine, 11(1), 6-22.
Music and Dementia:
Ihara, E. S., Tompkins, C. J., Inoue, M., & Sonneman, S. (2019). Results from a person‐centered music intervention for individuals living with dementia. Geriatrics & gerontology international, 19(1), 30-34.
Music and Diabetes:
Mandel, S. E., Davis, B. A., & Secic, M. (2013). Effects of music therapy and music-assisted relaxation and imagery on health-related outcomes in diabetes education: A feasibility study. The diabetes educator, 39(4), 568-581.
Music and Heart Disease:
Bradt, J., Dileo, C., & Potvin, N. (2013). Music for stress and anxiety reduction in coronary heart disease patients. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, (12).
Music and Medical Procedures:
Fernandes, S. T., & D’silva, F. (2019). Effectiveness of Music Therapy on Depression, Anxiety and Stress among Haemodialysis Patients. International Journal of Nursing Education, 11(1), 124-129.
Music and Older People:
Chan, M. F., Chan, E. A., & Mok, E. (2010). Effects of music on depression and sleep quality in elderly people: a randomised controlled trial. Complementary therapies in medicine, 18(3-4), 150-159.
Music and Postpartum Depression:
Robertson, A. M., & Detmer, M. R. (2019). The effects of contingent lullaby music on parent-infant interaction and amount of infant crying in the first six weeks of life. Journal of Pediatric Nursing, 46, 33-38.
Music and Stroke:
Le Danseur, M., Crow, A. D., Stutzman, S. E., Villarreal, M. D., & Olson, D. M. (2019). Music as a Therapy to Alleviate Anxiety During Inpatient Rehabilitation for Stroke. Rehabilitation Nursing Journal, 44(1), 29-34.
In fact, the organisation that approves medical procedures in the UK, NICE (National Institute for Health and Care Excellence) includes guidance for use of music and are conducting studies into the use of music. Click on the link below for more information.